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CYCLING PERFORMANCE TIPS

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Cardiologists Opelika AL

This page provides useful content and local businesses that can help with your search for Cardiologists. You will find helpful, informative articles about Cardiologists, including "HEART RATE MONITORS". You will also find local businesses that provide the products or services that you are looking for. Please scroll down to find the local resources in Opelika, AL that will answer all of your questions about Cardiologists.

Michael Aikens, MD
(334) 826-5577
2123 Executive Park Dr
Opelika, AL
Specialties
Cardiology
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Boston Univ Sch Of Med, Boston Ma 02118
Graduation Year: 1992

Data Provided By:
Lee Douglass Roberson
(334) 528-1720
2000 Pepperell Pkwy
Opelika, AL
Specialty
Thoracic Surgery, Vascular Surgery, Cardiac Surgery

Data Provided By:
Steve Gary Hubbard
(334) 528-1720
2000 Pepperell Pkwy
Opelika, AL
Specialty
Thoracic Surgery, Vascular Surgery, Cardiac Surgery

Data Provided By:
Patricia Barbara Gurczak, MD
PO Box 2145
Opelika, AL
Specialties
Cardiology
Gender
Female
Education
Medical School: Uniformed Services Univ Of The Hlth Sci, Bethesda Md 20814
Graduation Year: 1985

Data Provided By:
Allan Schwadron, MD
(334) 793-5672
1789 Field Stone Ln
Auburn, AL
Specialties
Cardiology, Internal Medicine
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of South Fl Coll Of Med, Tampa Fl 33612
Graduation Year: 1979
Hospital
Hospital: Flowers Hosp, Dothan, Al; Southeast Alabama Med Ctr, Dothan, Al
Group Practice: Hearts South

Data Provided By:
John Wayne Mitchell, MD
(334) 705-1710
2000 Pepperell Pkwy
Opelika, AL
Specialties
Cardiology
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Al Sch Of Med, Birmingham Al 35294
Graduation Year: 1980

Data Provided By:
Michael Lamont Aikens
(334) 826-5577
3320 Skyway Dr
Opelika, AL
Specialty
Internal Medicine, Cardiovascular Disease

Data Provided By:
William Ross Davis, MD
(334) 704-0307
2123 Executive Park Dr
Opelika, AL
Specialties
Cardiology, Internal Medicine
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Al Sch Of Med, Birmingham Al 35294
Graduation Year: 1975
Hospital
Hospital: East Alabama Med Ctr, Opelika, Al
Group Practice: East Alabama Cardiovascularl Associates; East Alabama Medical

Data Provided By:
Ajay Thakur, MD
(718) 780-1809
608 Potomac Dr
Auburn, AL
Specialties
Cardiology
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Indira Gandhi Med Coll, Himachal Pradesh Univ, Shimla, Hp, India
Graduation Year: 1992

Data Provided By:
John W Mitchell
(334) 321-3704
2375 Champions Blvd
Auburn, AL
Specialty
Cardiology

Data Provided By:
Data Provided By:

HEART RATE MONITORS

 



CONTENTS

  • Basic cardiovascular physiology
  • Pros and cons of using a heart rate monitor
  • Definitions
  • Calculating your maximum heart rate
  • Heart rate training zones
  • Training tips using a heart rate monitor
  • Resting heart rate
  • An opposing opinion The Heart Rate Monitor (HRM) is touted by many cyclists and trainers as the most significant training advance in the last ten years. Although many coaches refuse to work with an athlete without the physiologic training information it provides, HRMs have their detractors. And that small backlash is slowly growing. An alternative to a HRM, not quite as technical and rigid, uses perceived effort as a measure of your level of exertion.

    BASIC CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY

    First, let's review the basic physiology of the circulatory system asking ourselves the question "What does the heart rate really indicate?" The components of the cardiovascular system are:
    • the heart (the pump)
    • the arteries (a distribution system)
    • the capillaries (the exchange system where gases, nutrients, and other chemical compounds move to and from surrounding tissue
    • the veins (which are the return circuit) With every heart beat (contraction of the heart pump), a certain amount of blood (stroke volume) is pushed through the system. The contraction frequency of the heart is the heart rate (HR). The amount of blood moved to the cells of the body every minute is the product of the heart rate and stroke volume (HR x strove volume).

      With physical activity (exercise) more oxygen is required by the muscle cells, and the circulatory system responds by increasing the heart rate (and the cardiac output). With aerobic training, the actual amount of blood pumped per heart beat (stroke volume) increases and the efficiency of the exchange process at the capillary level improves. The result is a lower heart rate for any level of physical activity in the trained versus the untrained individual. Thus aerobic training benefits include:

      • a lower resting heart rate
      • a lower heart rate for a specific level of exertion
      • an increased exercise capacity at an individual's maximum heart rate. The training effect results when the heart muscle is "stressed" by an increase in cardiac output (just as muscles in the arms and legs respond to the stress of lifting free weights). As the cardiac output is directly proportional to the heart rate, a heart rate monitor (HRM) can be used to structure and monitor an aerobic training program. (For additional background see Basic Exercise Physiology - the cardiac system.)

        Let's look at the pros and cons on the use of a HRM.

        PROS AND CONS

        The ADVANTAGES of a HRM include its use:

        • as a motivational tool - like a coach ; brings objectivity to a training program.
        • to teach beginners to read their bodies and avoid anaerobic overtraining.
        • to aid in doling out energy during time trialing or climbing, saving some for the final effort.
        • to analyze ra...

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